Primary Fields:                    Economic Growth, Resource and Environmental Economics, Labor Economics

Special Interests:                   International Trade, Economics of Law and Regulation, Sports Economics 

RESEARCH UNDER REVIEW (undergraduate coauthors in bold)

“Dyanstic Human Capital and Black-White Earnings Differentials in the United States, 1940-2000”

(with Curtis Simon, Robert Tamura, and Chad Turner)

“What are the Net Benefits of Reducing Ozone to 65 ppb? An Alternative Analysis” (with Sabine S. Lange and Michael E. Honeycutt)

“Under the Table and Dreaming: Differences in State Minimum Wage Rates and Selective Migration of Immigrants and Domestic Residents by Education” (with Kristen Veit)

“Does Economic Freedom Lead to Selective Migration By Race?” (with Reynaldo Hernandez-Julian)


“Chutes and Ladders: A Primer on Income Inequality”

“A Classroom Experiment on Import Tariffs and Quotas Under Perfect and Imperfect Competition”

“Does the Effect Corruption has on Income Inequality Depend on the Informal Sector?” (with Jamie Bologna Pavlik)

“Stratification by Regulation”

REFEREED PUBLICATIONS (undergraduate coauthors in bold)

“Ride-Sharing, Fatal Crashes, and Crime,” (2018). Southern Economic Journal (forthcoming) (with Angela K. Dills)

Sidewalk Economics,” (2017). The Journal of Private Enterprise, 32(2), 93–100. (with Sherri Wall)

Cultural Bias: Gymnasts, Judges, and Bilateral Trade Agreements,” (2016). The Journal of SPORT: 5(1) , Article 3. (with Kurt Rotthoff and Brian P. Callahan)

Occupational Licensing and US Interstate Migration,” (2016). Cato Journal. 36:1, 17-31. (with Andrew T. Young)

The Faculty Flutie Factor: Does Athletic Performance Affect a University’s US News and World Report Peer Assessment Score?” (2014). Economics of Education Review. 43: 79-90. (with Aleksandar (Sasha) Tomic and Samuel N. Sholander)

“God and Man at College: Is there a Bias Against Religious Liberal Arts Colleges?” (2014). Journal of Business and Economic Perspectives, XLI: 1, 75-92.

How Important are Human Capital, Physical Capital, and Total Factor Productivity for Determining Economic Growth in the States of the United States, 1840 – 2000,” (2013). Journal of Economic Growth, 18:4, 319-371. (with Robert Tamura and Chad Turner)

White Supremacist Hate Groups and Hate Crime,” (2013). Public Choice, 157: 1-2, 91-113.

Does Economic Freedom Lead to Selective Migration by Education?” (2013). The Journal of Regional Policy and Analysis, 43:1, 65-87 (with Reynaldo Hernandez-Julian)

Catholic Schools, Competition, and Public School Quality,” (2012). Economics Letters. 117, 334-336. (with Juliana Carattini, Angela K. Dills, and Rachel Sederberg)

A Comparative Look at Private and Public Schools’ Class Size Determinants,” (2010). Education Economics, 18:4, 435-454. (with Angela K. Dills)

Hate Fuel: On the Relationship Between Local Government Policy and Hate Group Activity” (2010). Eastern Economic Journal, 36:4, 480–499.

Does the Introduction of Independent Redistricting Reduce Congressional Partisanship?” (2009). Villanova Law Review, Volume 54. (with David G. Oedel, Allen K. Lynch, and Neil T. Edwards) 

Education and Income of the States of the United States: 1840-2000,” (2007). Journal of Economic Growth, 12:2, 101-158. (with Scott L. Baier, Robert Tamura, and Chad Turner)


“Race and Economics,” (2010). in 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook, edited by Rhonda Free. Sage Publishing.

“Land Trusts: The Growth of the Non-Profit Land Conservancy Movement,” (2004). (Property and Environment Research Center, Bozeman, Montana) in Incentives and Conservation: The Next Generation of Environmentalists, edited by Daniel K. Benjamin. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.